Student Advice ”Titles” from Terry

Student Advice ”Titles” from Terry

Today, we are going to look at titles in a typical Japanese company.
Japanese companies contain many different posts and the distribution of
authority varies from company to company. This makes it very difficult
to tell how much power or authority a salaryman or woman has just from
looking at the title on their name card.

Hira (Rank-and-File)
Every salaryman and women start out at the lowest rank on the ladder,
which is Hira. They have no title on their name card. Most of them are
in their 20s and although some may have titles like shunin (chief), all
are ranked fundamentally the same.

Kakaricho (Chief Clerk)
About the age of 30, the most common post for a salaryman and woman is
Kakaricho. This gives them authority over a small section. If someone
has the title of Kakaricho in his late 20s, it`s normally a sign of
someone regarded as being elite. However, if that person is in his or
her 40s, it could be regarded as someone who was removed from the elite

Kacho-hosa (Assistant Section Manager)
This post is directly beneath Section Manager

Kacho (Section Manager)
Kakaricho to kacho is regarded as middle-management, and represents the
most demanding ground for salarymen and women. The future executives of most companies become kacho in their 30s.

Jicho (Assistant Department Manager)
This post is directly beneath the department manager and only about one
in every 10 persons will ever reach this level.

Bucho (Department Manager)
On reaching bucho, a salaryman or woman is considered to be among the
elite. However, there are some bucho who have no subordinates.

Torishimariyaku (Director)
Only upon becoming a torishimariyaku will a salaryman or woman truly
become part of a company`s top management. This post is divided into:
Hira-torishimariyaku (normal director), Jomu-torishimariyaku (executive
director) and Semmu-torishimariyaku (managing director).

I will deal with other top positions next time.